Small House Floor Plan

Small Home Floor Plan

Procedure For Drawing your FLOOR-PLAN in AutoCad

Setup

Open your titleblock and save as HOUSEPLAN – Original

From the AutoCad Application menu select Drawing Utilities then Units

  • Select Units.
  • Length
    • Architectural
    • Precision = 0′-0 1/256″
  • Angles        
    • Decimal Degrees
    • Precision = 0
  • Drawing Units
    • Inches

At the command prompt type “MVSETUP

  • Enable Paper Space — type “N” for No
  • Units Type — type “A” for Architectural
  • Scale Factor — type “48” for 1/4” = 1’
  • Enter Paper Width — type “22
  • Enter Paper Height — type “18

From the ANNOTATION pull-down, select the Dim Style then Modify and do the following settings:

  • Select STYLE, then MODIFY:

Lines tab:

Dimension Lines

Baseline Spacing:  1’

Extension Lines

Extend beyond dim lines:  3”

Offset from origin:   3”

Symbols and Arrows tab:

Arrowheads

1st – Architectural tick

Arrowsize:   3”

Text tab:

Text height:    6”

Offset from dim line:   1”

Text placement – Vertical:   Above

Text alignment:   Aligned with dimension line

Primary Units tab:

Unit format:   Architectural

Precision:   1/256”

Zero Suppression: Uncheck the  “0 inches” box

Turn on the GRID and set it to 2’ and turn on the SNAP and set it to 6”.  Zoom All to view the new limits.

The next step is to establish layers.  (If 2 floors create a 2nd set of layers: 2appliances, 2counters, etc. when needed)

Layer Name Color Linetype
0 White Continuous
Appliances Purple(Magenta) Continuous
Border White Continuous
Counters Purple(Magenta) Continuous
Cupboard-Top Purple(Magenta) Hidden
Dimension Blue Continuous
Doors Cyan(Light Blue) Continuous
Electr-Hid Blue Hidden
Electrical Blue Continuous
Hatch Yellow Continuous
Hidden White Hidden
Plumbing Purple(Magenta) Continuous
Roof Green Phantom
Text White Continuous
Walls White Continuous
Windows Cyan(Light Blue) Continuous

Small Floor Plan Drawing

  • Click “Small Home Floor Plan” to open the small home floor plan that your drawing must be based on.
  • Refer to the Reference Sheet for sizes necessary to build a home.
  • Your final mark incorporates a difficulty mark therefore to get full marks you need to:
  1. Draw the Small Home Floor Plan exactly as shown.
  2. Print out your completed plan then add alterations in pencil and have approved. 
  3. Add your approved alterations to the given floor plan.
  • Follow the steps below to draw your Small Home Floor Plan.

Walls

  • Change if necessary to the Walls layer, then start drawing your walls as follows:
    • Draw using the LINE command for the outside of the walls using coordinate entry.
    • Using PEDIT (polyline edit) select one outside wall line, then type J (for join) and select all the other outside wall lines (this will make the outside wall into one polyline instead of several lines.
    • Using the OFFSET command offset the p-line in 6” for the wall thickness.
    • Use the EXPLODE command to change the p-lines back to several lines.
  • Using the OFFSET or COPY commands; offset or copy the outside lines into the position for the interior walls, then offset these over 2” on both sides for interior wall thickness of 4”.
  • Erase the centerlines of interior walls.
  • Using the TRIM or EXTEND commands, modify the walls to size. 
  • Copy the back wall of the closets forward 16” for a closet shelf, then copy this line back 2” for a closet rod.
  • Change the rod to the HIDDEN layer using PROPERTIES.

Windows and Doors

  • <!– SECTION NEEDS UPDATING –>
  • Change to the WINDOWS or DOORS layer.
  • Insert Doors and Windows 
    • Select INSERT, as you did for your Border, and go to S: drive then DRAFTINGACADHOMEDOORS or WINDOWS and select the appropriate object.  
    • Outside doors or windows must be accurately located, as they will be dimensioned to.  Insert them at the end of the appropriate wall then move them into position using coordinate entry. 
    • Inside doors and closet doors will NOT be dimension to.  Insert them at the end of the proper wall then move them over 4” for a door or center them if a closet door.  

Counters – Pluming – Appliances

(Sinks, tub, shower, toilet, stove, refrigerator, etc.)

  • Change to the appropriate layer.
  • Copy the Kitchen walls in 24” for counters and trim to size.
  • Copy the Bathroom walls in 18” or 20” for counters and trim to size.
  • Insert the utilities in proper locations.
  • Top cupboards – copy counter front back 12” and change to the Cupboards-Top layer.

Electrical

  • Change to the ELECTRICAL layer.
  • Insert Lights, Plug-ins, and Switches.
  • Change to a the ELECTR-HID layer and using SPLINEs, draw an S curve to connect the switches to the appropriate lights — double click to end the curve command.
  • Add GFI or WP/GFI for bathroom and outside plugs (3” text).

Dimensioning

  • Change to the DIMENSION layer.
  • Draw a temporary line on the ends of the Interior walls that touch the outside wall so you can osnap to the center of the walls — erase after dimensioning.  NOTE: You could put these lines on a new layer and then just turn this layer off and the lines will disappear and not be plotted or printed.
  • Make sure your text size is 6”.
  • The 1st dimension should be 48” (or 4’) away and then 12” (or 1’) thereafter.
  • Use “Continue” and Baseline dimensioning to speed up the process.  Located under the Annotate panel.

  • Dimensions – outside                   *** Numbers read from bottom and right side ***
    • 1st dimension line – center of windows/doors and to outside of exterior walls
    • 2nd dimension line – center of interior walls and to outside of exterior walls
    • 3rd dimension line – outside of exterior walls
    • 4th dimension line – overall size (outside to outside of furthest exterior walls)
  • Dimensions – interior                   *** Do not dimension to interior doors ***
    • Horizontal and vertical dimension line(s) to pick up any interior walls not dimensioned outside

Roof

!! First open, save, complete and hand-in the Roof Assignment !!

Basic method to draw the roof:

  • Change to the ROOF layer with the Phantom line type. 
  • Copy the outside walls out 6”, 12”, 18”, or 24” for the overhang (trim and extend as needed) — for the Roof Assignment use an 18” overhang.
  • Draw 45-degree lines from all corners to make a hip roof, and then re-adjust if want a gable roof.
  • Start drawing from all corners at 45º until they intersect with a line then draw horizontal or vertical until they intersect with a line then draw 45º, etc.

Bay Window Roof Procedure:

Offset Walls for the overhang
Offset Walls for the overhang
Draw in temporary corners and then draw back 45º
Draw in temporary corners and then draw back 45º
Draw from corner of overhang to corner of bay
Draw from corner of overhang to corner of bay
Extend these lines until they intersect with the 45º lines.
Extend these lines until they intersect with the 45º lines.

When finished the Roof Assignment above then build the roof on your house as follows:

  • Change to the ROOF layer with the Phantom line type. 
  • Copy the outside walls out 6”, 12”, 18”, or 24” for the overhang (trim and extend as needed)
  • Draw 45-degree lines from all corners to make a hip roof, and then re-adjust if want a gable roof.

Room Notation

  • With a text size of 4” to 8” and using all capital letters type in the names of each room and closet (LIVING ROOM, DINING ROOM, KITCHEN, BATH ROOM, MASTER BEDROOM, BEDROOM, ENTRY, CLOSET, LINEN, ETC.)
  • Keep similar areas with the same text size such as room names or closets.  

Submitting Basic House Plan

  • Save your drawing (Houseplan-Original)
  • Print out your completed plan on letter size paper and have the teacher check it over.  

Adding Alterations

  • In pencil add alterations to your basic house plan and have approved by your teacher.
  • See Sample Alteration
  • Save as your drawing as HOUSEPLAN – Altered so you will not lose your basic house plan
  • Add your approved alterations to your basic house floor plan.

Checking The Final House Plan

  • Right click Mark Sheet and Save Target as… to your drafting folder.
  • Open the Mark Sheet document and replace “Insert Your Name” with your name.
  • Print off the mark sheet and then Check Off all the areas to make sure you have fully completed all the required criteria. 

Plotting The Final House Plan

Follow the instructions below to plot (print) your plan to a scale of 1/4” = 1’ on C or D size landscape paper.

Have another student check your plan before you plot on the large plotter.

Right click on Layout2 tab and select Rename and name it “Arch – C Imperial”.

  • If you have deleted your Layout2 then right click your other layout tab and select New Layout.

Right click on “Arch – C Imperial” tab and select Page Setup Manager

With “Arch – C Imperial” highlighted select “Modify”.

Setup all your plotter (printer) settings:

  • Select the proper plotter (printer)
  • Select the proper paper size – Arch C (landscape) or if your house doesn’t fit you will need to change this to Arch D.
  • Set to “Inches”
  • Set Scale to “1:1”
  • Check all the settings again as changing one setting can change another setting.

Delete the viewport box if it is automatically created.

Check that you are in “Paper” not “Model” space.  If in Model double click on Model to change back to Paper.

Now you can Insert your “First Initial Last Name” Block  into the Layout View (Paper Space).

  • YOUR “First Initial Last Name” Block will most likely already be in the Name field if not use the down arrow to select it.
  • Uncheck the Specify On-screen boxes
  • Change the Insertion Point X: from 0.00 to 0.5   (Note: If Arch D then 2.99)
  • Change the Scale X: to 2.2 and Y: to 2.2     (Note: If Arch D then 2.5)
  • These setting may need to be adjusted to better fit the page; see below for proper look.
  • Check the Explode box to have the Titleblock returned to separate objects or explode the titleblock after inserting it.

Type in MVIEW (for make view) and create a box for the Viewport as shown below:

Put this on the Viewport layer

While in Paper space click the Viewport box and change the Standard Scale to ¼”=1’.  

  • If you double click inside the Viewport box you will go into model view which you can still set the scale and you do not select the viewport. 
  • You can get back to Paper view by clicking the bottom tab or double clicking outside the viewport box.

To center the drawing double click in the Viewport box to go into Model view, then pan (click on PAN icon or the mouse wheel) to center the floor plan.

  • If you zoom in out out while in Model view you will change the scale of the drawing therefore you will need to rescale your drawing.
  • If after changing your scale to ¼” = 1’ your drawing does not fit you will need to change your paper size to Arch D and rescale your titleblock to fit and increase your Viewport box.
  • If your drawing is too large for this paper size you will need to go back to step13e and set it to an Arch D paper size. 

Lastly, you need to type in PSLTSCALE (for Paper Space Linetype Scale) and set it to 0.

Then double click in the viewport or change to Model and type RE to Regenerate the drawing.  The drawing should now have the same LTscale as you see in the Model view, if the lines are not dashed as they should be go back to model view and change the LTscale.

Submission Of The Final House Plan

  • Have another student check your plan and you check theirs before printing
  • Print Preview your drawing and if all is correct print out and hand in your drawing with the mark sheet staple to the top left corner
  • Remember to click Mark Sheet print off the mark sheet and then check off all the areas to make sure you have fully completed all the required criteria.  Staple this to the top left corner of your floor plan. 
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